Articles and Essays

McFaul in the Quad

The following are selected academic articles and policy essays.

July 30, 2016

How to Counter the Putin Playbook

The New York Times

 A quarter-century ago, at the end of the Cold War, it seemed that only democracies promoted their values abroad. Today, autocracies have entered the arena again, exporting their ideas and methods — even to the United States.

Everywhere, autocrats are pushing back against democrats, and President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia is the de facto leader of this global movement.

August 3, 2015

Who Lost Russia (This Time)? Vladimir Putin

The Washington Quarterly

with Kathryn Stoner


Vol. 38, No. 2 (Summer 2015)


In the late 1990s, as Russia’s economy descended into a death spiral— eventually culminating in the August 1998 crash of the ruble and the government’s default on its international loan commitments—a series of books and articles appeared asking, “Who Lost Russia?”1 Fingers pointed in many directions, but almost all to the West: the International Monetary Fund (IMF), NATO, President Bill Clinton, and then later in the next decade, President George W. Bush. Arguments came in many varieties, but divided into two polar opposite views: the West

July 23, 2014

Creating a Civil Society Marketplace (CSM): Knowledge, Training, Resources

March 23, 2014

Confronting Putin’s Russia

The New York Times
December 27, 2012

The Precarious Peace: Domestic Politics in the Making of Russian Foreign Policy

International Security
March 1, 2009

Engaging Autocrats (and Democrats) to Facilitate Democratic Transitions

Democracy in U.S. Security Strategy
December 1, 2007

Should Democracy Be Promoted or Demoted?

The Washington Quarterly

The tragic result of the gap between declared objectives and strategies on democracy promotion is that many Americans are starting to view this goal as no longer desirable or attainable. A more effective strategy for promoting democracy and human rights is both needed and available.

December 1, 2007

The Myth of the Authoritarian Model

Foreign Affairs

How Putin's Crackdown Holds Russia Back


with Kathryn Stoner-Weiss


Vol. 87, No. 1 (Winter 2007)


The conventional explanation for Vladimir Putin’s popularity is straightforward.In the 1990s,under post-Soviet Russia’s first president, Boris Yeltsin, the state did not govern, the economy shrank, and the population suªered. Since 2000, under Putin, order has returned, the economy has flourished, and the average Russian is living better than ever before.As political freedom has decreased,economic growth has increased. Putin may have rolled back democratic gains, the story goes, but these

September 28, 2007

Ukraine Imports Democracy: External Influences on the Orange Revolution

International Security

Vol. 32, No. 2 (Fall 2007)

Can the West promote democracy? An examination of one critical case, the 2004 Orange Revolution in Ukraine, offers a unique method for generating answers to this important theoretical and policy question. Tracing the causal impact of external influences first requires a theory of democratization composed exclusively of domestic factors, specifically the changing distribution of power between the autocratic regime and democratic challengers. 

April 1, 2007

Are New Democracies War-Prone?

Journal of Democracy

April 2007

A review of Electing to Fight: Why Emerging Democracies Go to War by Edward D. Mansfield and Jack Snyder